Explorer Baldwin Sails
For The Arctic Regions
His Flagship Departs for Franz
Josef Land, Where Other
Ships Will Join Him
Farwell Message To U.S.
"Await One of the Best Efforts -We
Will Stand by Our Flag."
Vardoe Norway, July 31 - The America, the flagship
of the Baldwin-Ziegler North Pole expedition, which sailed from Tromsoe,
July 16, touched here and proceded, last night, direct for Cape Flora,
Franz Josef Land.
Mr. Baldwin sends a farewell message to the United States
as follows: "All well. Await one of the best efforts. We will stand by
At Cape Flora Mr. Baldwin expects to join the Fithjof
and Belgica, the two other vessles of the expedition, which proceded
the America from Tromsoc.
When the flagship left here there were 426 dogs and 16
ponies aboard. Mr. Baldwin intends to push as far north as possible and
establish winter quarters.
The American explorer is extremely confident that he will
accomplish his mission. After he establishes his winter quarters he will
act according to circumstsnaces. He is certain his plans are right and
that if he fails it will not be for want of perseverance.
Franz-Josef Land, as its name implies, was named in honor
of the Emperor of Austria. It is an uninhabited archipelago in the Arctic
Ocean, north of Nova Zembia, extending, so far as it has been explored,
between 80 and 83 degrees north latitude. It consists of two large masses
of land, Wilezek Land to the east and Zichy Land to the west, separated
by Austria Sound, running from south to north, giving off a northeast arm,
Rawlinson Sound, in 80 deg. 40 min.
Between the two sounds lies Crown Prince Rudolf Land,
while to the north of this is Petermann Land, and to the northwest King
Oscar Land. The whole archipelago, which rises into isolated flat-topped
or dome-shaped mountains of basalt, 5000 feet high, is sheeted with ice.
Owing to the open waters around its shores in summer and
the comparative abundance of animal life - bears, walruses, foxes and numerous
birds - it is regarded by many experienced Arctic explorers as the most
favorable base, usually reached from Spitzbergen, whence to make an attempt
to reach the North Pole. Cape Lofley is the western point of the archipelago.
From Vardo to Franz-Josef Land is a new route to Arctic
explorers. Baffin, Inglefield, Kane, Hall, Nares, Greely and Peary all
explored in the western hemisphere; Parry and others used the Spitzbergen
archipelago as a base from which to do their exploring.
Nansen's home voyage in the Windward was made via
Franz-Josef Land to Vardo. In Franz-Josef Land Payer's sledge journey in
1874, if his observations were correct, brought him within 546 miles of
the pole. Nordenskjold reached in a ship the highest latitude north of
Franz-Josef Land - in the eastern hemisphere - until Nansen made his memorable
and unequaled record, 260 miles from the North Pole, having reached that
point by sledge from the Fram, which he had left nineteen miles
south. It was in Franz-Josef Land that Nansen and Johansen, on their return
journey, met Jackson, leader of an English exploring party, which had wintered
less than 100 miles from their solitary camp.
Source: Brooklyn Eagle July 31, 1901, page 3
contributed by: Patrick McSherry
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