July 7th 1881
The U.S. Polar Expedition started in the S.S. Proteus
from St. Johns, N.F. at 12.30. Today the
weather is very good, and clear, the following is a list of Officers & men belonging to the Lady
Franklin Bay or Polar Expedition.
Lieut. W. A. Greely 1st Lt. 5th Cav. A. S. Officer and Comander of Expe.
Lt. Kisslingberry 2nd Lt. 11. Inf. A.S. Offr.
Lt. Lockwood 2nd Lt. 23 Inf. A.S. Offr.
Cross Genrl. Serv
Israel, Signal Serv
Ralston, Signal Serv
Jewell, Signal Serv
Gardiner, Signal Serv
Brainard, 2end Cav
Lynn, 2end Cav
Starr, 2end Cav
Saler, 2end Cav
Ellisen, 10 Inf.
Bender, 9 Inf
Long, 9th Inf
Whisler, 9th Inf
Biederbeck, 17th Inf
Ellis, 2end Cav
Fredrichs, 2end Cav.
Ryan, 2end Cav
Connell, 3rd Cav
Henry, 5th Cav
Schneider, 1st Art.
Bic, Signal serv.
joined at Bellenbank
Dr. Pavy, Surgeon
Glay, Signal serv
joined at Upernavik
Jans Edenrard (Escimo)
Fredrick Christiansen (Escimo)
July 8th 1881 wind south a heavy
sea runing all day
nothing of importance occurred during the day.
July 9th 1881. wind south. a heavy sea,
and most of us are seasick.
i am amongst the sick
July 10th 1881. wind N.E. the sick list is still
July 11th 1881. wind N.E. weather fair, the sea
is smooth as piece of glass and all are well agin,
July 11th Wind, N.W. nothing of importance occurred
July 12th Sgt. Jewell and Ralston were detailed to
instruckt som of the men, in taking
July 13th 1882 (?) We past Cap Farewell at 11.30
July 14. Wind S. weather fair, all well today,
we seen som whal’s during the day.
July 15th 1881. We past through the 1st field
of Ice today, at about 3 P.M. we seen a vessel
making her way to-wart Greenland.
July 16th 1882 (?) Disco Island lt. bg N. had
to lay to until 7 P.M. on account of a havy foag we
entered the harbor of Lievly at 9 30 P.M.
July 17th 1881, Sunday as we have to lay over
here for a few day’s. I will wait with my
description until we leafe.
July 19th 1881. 19th and 20th
we loated som stores left here by the U.S. Gullinare last year,
from what i can see of ;this Greenlanders, gives me the empression that thy have rather a hard
liefe of it, for Fish and Game are the only thing they have to leife on, but ---------in all they are
all very easy going, and the best waltzers I have ever seen, espectialy the Escimo ladies who’s feet
are not covered with long hails like our ladies at home, but dressed a la Male in sealskin patolons
and knee boots. We finished loading and intend on starding as soon as the foag raises.
July 21. We staded for Rittenbenk at 12.30 a.m.
where we arrived at 10.30 a.m. lat 70. Dr.
Pavy and Glay will join here, we came inet to load theyr propuerty and som dogs, we started for
Upienavik at 11.20 a.m. on 22end July 1881
July 23rd weather cloudy wind N.W. seen
som Ice today.
July 24th lat 72.48 N Sunday
arrived Upernavik at 5.30 a.m. a very poor harbor at
P.M. one of the howsers broke and the Proteus swung on a rock, no damage was done to the
July 25th laid over at Upernavik
launched the Lady Greely.
July 26th Lt. Lockwood starded for Froven in the steam
launch Lt. Kisslingsberry in the
Whalboat went to the loomery for birds he returned at 4.30 P.M. bring 300 Ducks.
July 28th Lt. Lockwood returned from Froven at
12.10 P.M. brining 2 natieves and som clothing
for the Expedition.
July 29th after taking the launch aboard we starded
for the north the inspector of Greenland
accompanied the Expedition for some distance
July 30th lat 73 weather fair but cold
made our way through som Ice today a Polar Bear killed
by Lt. Lockwood and Kisslingberry. The crowsnest was fastened on the topmast.
July 31st Kilt a seal today.
August 1st 1881. lat 76.55 Carey Island
we halted here to go ashore and see after som stores
left by the English Expedition a party was sent ashore they found the stores in good condition.
August 2nd. Lat 78.15 Lielelelton Island
went ashore made a cache of coal and hunted for som
mail belonging to Cpl Nares expedition, whil bringing the coal ashore som walruss was seen close
to the ship and 2 men started after them they fired som shots and the walruss sunk but raised agin
with reinforcement and charging the boat wich loated with coal made its way back to the ship.
The wheel of the Proteus was broken whil entering this place but was repaired agin.
August 3rd Cp Hawkes wind south west it
rained som during the day a partie went ashore to
inspect som stor’s and brought a boat to be taking north.
August 4th Lat 81.36 head of Lady Franklin bay
met som very thick Ice, and had to fasten the
ship to it.
August 5th Cp Liever wind N. W. Lt
Greely Lockwood Dr. Pavy and Whistler and myself
went ashore at 8.30 a. m. and returned to the ship at 4.50 P.M.
August 6th We are floating with the Ice, no intication
of the Ice breaking up
August 188.8.131.52. We had a little snow during
the night but cleared up agin we have open water
agin to north.
August 11th lat 81.44 we arrieved at discovery
harbor at 3.30 P.M. seen one muskox which was
kilt, we have to break the Ice (about 6 foot thick) with ship by budding it, 11 more muskox were
August 12 we starded to unload the ship 3.30 P.M.
August 184.108.40.206th unloading the vessel Cpl
Ellisen Whisler and myself went to work on the
August 17th Starr is relieved and will go home,
I wish i could go to.
August 18th we pitched tents today and moved ashore.
August 19th The Proteus left at 3.30 a.m.
she made only about one mile when she was stopped
agin by the Ice we are all working on the house, i am building the chimmneys
August 20th I finished the chimmneys and and
started to make som stovepip out of old cans left
by the English
August 21st Byars was relieved today and will
go home we lose a very good men by this
August 22nd. 23rd. 24th. 25th I workt on the shop making
a lamp for Dr. Pavy.
August 26th I workt in the shop today Lt.
Kisslingsberry requested to be relieved from the
Expedition reason he had some word with Lt. Greely about getting up.
August 27th Kisslingsberry was relieved and intended
to go to the ship but she starded out of the
harbor. Dr. Pavy and Rice starded overland to Lincoln bay Lynn and Ralston will stard with
them and place some provisions near St. Patricks Bay.
August 28th I workt in the shop during this day’s
doing the Blacksmith work.
August 29th Lt. Lockwood Brainard and Cross started
for St. Patrick’s bay and returned at
11.30 P.M. Lt. Lockwood had his toes frost bitten
August 30th we pulled the whalboat over the Ice
to dutch ---- and launched her, for to take
some provisions north
August 31st Sgt Brainard Jewell Cross Saler and
Connell starded for Cp Beachy or as fare north
as they can search in the Boat
Sept 1st to Sept 6th I workt in the shop
Sept 7th and 8th Lt. Greely Lt. Kisslingberry
Brainard and Ralston went to the Belloms they kilt
10 muskoxen, and 10 Ider ducks
Sept. 9th Dr Pavy returned at 3.30 a.m. he left
Rice sick at Lt. Patricks bay Sgt Brainard
starded out with som medicen Cross Connell Fredricks and myself starded with a sledge to bring
Rice in. we had to carry him for about 3 miles when I was sent in for som more men.
Sept. 10th I workt in the shop. Rice is
Sept 11. 12. 13th I workt in the shop
Rice is about agin.
Sept 14th 15th there is the usial work going
September 16th 1881. Lt. Greely Brainard Connell
and myself starded for the U. L. mountains
by way of North Valley Connell was detailed at first to go only a few mils but Lt. Greely after
going about 6 mils complained of having a sore knee and returned to the station. Connell was
very badly fitted with clothing but had to go on. We traveled about 15 mils over rocks and steep
mountains stopped to cook some tea at 7:30. after tea we traveled about 4 mils were we
encamped for the night, but a horrors, the worst was to come jet, we had only a two man sleeping
bage and there were 3 of us, although we overcame this obstakle in the way of laying head and
tail, and even if we had mor room in this way we had the disadvantage of chewing each others
feet of wich your humble servant got the worst having two mens feet close to my head.
Sept 17th 1881 I being the cook mad breakfast,
consisting of tea Femican limjuice and
hardbread at 7:30 a.m. we starded 8.10 followed along the Conan for about 4 mils, left Conan
at 11.40 am ascending a mountain struck glacier at 12.10 P.M. followed along for about 5 mils,
when we had to stopp on account of a snow sturm setting in. went into camp at 3:40 P.M.
cooked tea and turned in, the temberture was very low registering
-3.00 Connell having poor clothing complained
during the night of som pain in his hips.
Sept 18. 1881. mad breakfast at 5.00. a.m. and
as it continued snowing and we were not able to
see, Sgt Brainard concluded for return to the station we left cemp at 7. a,m, and arrieved home at
10 P.M. making about 28 or 29 mils this night was the first that the lamps was lighted for the first
September 19th 1881. Brainard Connell and myself
had a lay off today, I am feeling rather sore
Sept 22end At 12, m today the Carpender shop burned
down, I workt till 9 P.M. putting the Ice
tank in the kitchen used for to meld Ice. The tank pipe I workt in the shop, the rest of the men
doing the usial work.
Sept 26st 1881 I am room orderly today Lt. Lockwood
with 5 men starded for Cap Beachy
with som provisions to be left there till next spring.
Sept 27th 1881, Rice and Jans (Escimo) with dogesledge
starded for Cp Beachy with a load of
Femican, Brainard and Jewell went to Cp Liever they som difficulty in getting back on accoundt
of the breaking of the Ice, Lt. Kisslingsberry shot the first Arctic wolf seen by this Expedition the
Wolf is about the length and hight of a NewFandland dog.
Sept 28th Sgt Rice returned about 1. P.M. from
Cp. Beachy Lt Lockwood and partie returned
from the sam place at 6.30 P.M.
Sept 29th 1881, Pvt Ellis and Biederbeck are walking
very stiff today
Sept 30th 1881. I workt in the shop today the
rest of the men doing the usial work round the
October 1st A snow storm set in during the day
it is burning cold now.
October 2 end 1881. Sunday all well at Ft Conger
Dr Pavy Whisler and Jans (Escimo) with
dogsledge starded north trying to reach Cp. Henry.
October 3rd 1881. Lt. Lockwood, Sgt Lynn, Saler
and Henry starded for St. Patricksbay with a
handsledge, Lockwood (invention) and dasy it is if men don’t care what he says, a fishing partie
consisting of Brainard Rice Schneider and Biederbeck starded for Muskox. Bay they returned
with out fish
October 4th I workt in the shop, Rice and Biederbeck
brought in a poisoned wolf.
October 5th Brainard Rice myself with hudsen
bay sledge starded for the Bellows to bring the
mead kilt by Lt Greely’s partie to the Ice foot, we arrived at the Bellows 7.30 P.M. were we
campt that night in the tent.
October 6th the temperture fell to -25 during
the night cooked breakfeast a 7 a.m. wend to work
at 7.30 workt all day turned in 8 P.M.
October 7 got up at 6 a.m. had somthing to ead
hold down the balance of the mead, Rice
ecposed his cameran to take a picture starded for hom at 11. P.M. met Beiderbeck at Muskox
bay arrieved at the station in tim for diner.
Oct. 8th. Brainard Rice and myself had a to day to our selfs. The rest of the men are doing the usial work at the station.
October 9th Sunday Lt. Greely read a sermon at 10 a.m. Long our cook is unwell and your humble servand Jac. B. had to take his plase. Dr Pavy and partie returned at 6:30 P.M. they reached lincoln Bay and returned on accound of open water they met there.
October 10. Lt. Lockwood and Sgt Jewell starded for Cp Liever a snow storm set in before they returned and we were uneasey about them. A partie starded out from here with signal lanterns, they returned at 10.30 p.m. having met Lt. Lockwood and Jewell not far from the station.
October 11. Sgt. Lynn with two Dog Teams and Fredrick and Jans (Escimo) starded for the Bellows to bring in the muskox meat.
Oct 12. Lt Lockwood Ellis and myself, with a hudsonbay sledge and about 350 lbs of raitions starded for Cp Liever, after passing Dutch island lt. Lockwood returned to the station for a nother men and a sledge. Ellis and myself starded ahead after leafing about 100 lbs at Dutch island. Lt. Lockwood caught up with us about 3.30 p.m. The road so far has bin very bad, the Ice broken up into hunocks wich made it rather disagreeable traveling the sled upsetting every few jards, we wend into Camp on a level flow at 4:30 p.m. I helped to pitch the tend after wirk. I cooked our sober, consisting of Canned Beans, Corn beef Chocolate and hard Bread, Lt. Lockwood had his feet frost bitten, and thawed them up over the cooking lamp.
October 13 I cooked breakfast at 7.30 am, we reached Cp Bairel at 11.30 a.m. where we made the cache and retured, The tempeture was very low and we had our noses frozen several tims. we past our old camp about 5.30 P.M., and arieved at the staition at 11. PM tired and hungry.
October 14 Lt. Lockwood and partie had a lay off today. I am all busted up in biusiniss. Lt. Lockwood is not around today he had his feet and nose badly frozen The temperture being 28 whil we were out.
October 15 I work in the shop today making more stove pipe. Long is sick jet, at 11. a.m. we saw the last of the sun for this jear and the long and drary winter night is approaching fast.
October 16th Sunday lt. Greely read a sermon at 10.30 a.m. Rum at 8.30 P.M.
October 17 I worked in the shop. The rest of the men are doing the usial work at the station, the temperature is falling still.
October 18th Sgt Lynn, Biederbeck and Henry starded to the Coalmin about 7 mils from here by the ice. They mined about 5 tons of coal and returned at 4. P.M. The temperture fell during the Night to - 30 8/10 degrees
October 19th 1881 Rice and Jans Escimo with dogesledge starded for Cp Murchesson via the Coalmin to bring a load form there to Cp Murchesson, they returned about 8.15 P.M.
Oct 20. Connell and Fredricks (Escimow) starded for Cp Murchesson with a load of Coal they returned about 9 P.M.
October 21 to 23rd nothing accured worth mentioning, the usial work done.
October 23RD Sunday lt. Greely read a sermon for thos that are traveling lt. Lockwood Brainard and Fredricks (Ecimo) starded for Cp. Beachy with on doge sledge to build a snowe house temperature 15.3 during the day rum at 8.30 P.M.
October 24th Whisler and Jans (Escimo) with doge sledge starded for Cp. Murchesson with a load of Coal, they retured at 9.30 p.m. I am going in the kitche today as 2end cook.
October 26th lt. Lockwood and partie returned today, they build a snow house and cashed the provisions in it.
Oct. 27 I am sick today Dr Pavy ordered me to bed about 11 a.m. the rest of the men are building an icewall round the House.
October 28th, 29th, 30th sick, prayers at 10 am, rum at 8.30 p.m.
October 31st I was relieved from the Kitchen today and wend to work in the shop, I am still sick.
November 1st 1881 lt. Lockwood Sgt Brainard Lynn Saler Biederbeck Ellis Fredricks and Connell preparing to stard for Cp Beachy they pulled theye load to distand Cape and returned.
November 2nd Lt. Lockwood and partie made theyr final stard for Cp Beachy, lt. Lockwood is trying to cross the Chanel and make som caches along the Greenland shore.
Nov. 3. The usial work is going on at Ft Conger.
November 4th 1881. Dr Pavy Lt Kisslingberry Rice with dog team starded for Wrangle bay to bring som rations there.
November 5th 1881 (not legible)
Nov 9th Lt Lockwoods partie had a hard tim of it getting wet Brickbeck had his foot badly frozen, and som more ( ??) frosted. Lt Kisslingsberry Dr Pavy Rice and Jans (Escimo) returned at 3.30 P.M. from Wrangle Bay The sick are in the care of Dr Pavy
Nov 10th about 10 a m Saler whil filling a gasoline lamp set it on fire but we managed to extinguish it before any damage was done. About 4 P.M. Ellisen whil filling a gasoline lamp in the carpender shop the lamp exploted and set the shop and Ellisen both on fire The fire in the shop was after considerable work pestored, but poor Ellisen is badly burned round the head and hands.
Nov 19th Genral scrapping of Quarters accompanied by the usial amound of Crowling. X X X X X X
Nov 20th Sunday lt Greely read a sermon at 10 a.m. rum at 8.30 p.m.
Nov 21st working in the shop making lanterns for the Observers.
Nov. 22nd making the lanterns, and I had to use a saw file to cutt the glas for the lanterns.
Nov. 23rd The arctic moon our newspaper made his first appearance today.
Nov 24th Thanksgiefings day lt Greely read a sermon at 10 a.m. followed after wich we had some sport and an excellend diner
Nov 30th Gardiner whil going to the tide gauge fell and broke his legge.
Dec 1st 5 men are on the sick list today, this is rather a poor businiss for us as we resided here.
Dec. 5th We had an Eclippse of the moon at 11.30 am
Dec 15th Jans Escimo intended to comit suciede ala Escimo by wandering of . a pardy starded out after him They found him about 8 miles from here, Rice fell and had his shoulder broken and Whisler returning with Rice coming nearly freezing to death, by not having enough clothing on . De Fang brought Whisler in on the doge sledge.
Dec 24th We have bin working all day on the quarters fixing them up for Christmas
Dec 25th lt Greely read a sermon at 10 a.m. after wich we had some sport an excellent diner at 4 P.M. I received a very nice presend send by Lissie A Garther of New York, The usual rum at 8.30 p.m.
Dec. 26th 28th to 31st The usial work done by the men of the Expedition
Jan 1st 1882 lt. Greely read a sermon at 10 a.m. in the evening we had lots of sport The usual amound of rum at 8.30 p.m.
January 2nd to the 9th The usial work done at Ft. Conger
January the 9th I am assined in to cook of wich work I know very litle.
January 16th 1882 up to this day nothing accured worth mentioning about 11 a.m. a great wind storm set in blowing at the time over 65 mils at wich point the Anamometer was blowin away and we had to put up a new one, the observations had to be dispensed with for one hour during wich tim snow accompanied the wind.
January 17th to 31st I was in the Kitchen the rest of the men doing the usial work.
February the 1st 1882 I was relieved out of the
Kitchen today to work in the shop making cooking lamps for our spring work
The temperature fell to -81 degrees at 10 a.m.
Feb 2end I work in the shop today The usial work done during the day the temperture fell to - 58 at 9 p.m.
Feb 3rd The same work going on Fredricks making canfass shoes The carpenders making hudsonbay sletges all for our spring work.
Feb.4th to the 14th nothing accured worth mentioning at the station the usial work done
Feb 15th 16th 1882 Jans (Escimo) wend out hunting and brought in a hare the first kilt by the Expedition, Fredricks Ecimo brought in another hare.
Feb 17th 1882 The backing lamp made and designed by me, were tried today they melted 5 lbs of ice and boiled the water obtained all in 25 minutes consuming four ounces of alcohol.
Feb 18th 1882 One of our (Escimos) brought in a hare today.
Feb 19th 1882 lt. Lockwood, Brainard, and Fredricks (Escimo) with dogesletge and team started for Cp Beachy at 9.30 a.m. lt Greely read a sermon at 10 a.m. , praying for those are travling.
Feb 20th I workt in the shop today at 12.30 a.m. I workt in the observatory building a stove out of stone. Rice and Whisler wend to Watercoursebay hunding. They returned at 3.30 p.m. with out any game.
Feb. 22nd The day opened bright temperture -45
at 10.45 a.m. Today being a National we had a holyday and no work
was done, on place of wich we had lots of sport lt. Lockwood and
Brainard and Fredricks returned from Cp Beachy
Feb 23rd Lynn Connell and Biederbeck wend to the Coalmine to get out som coal. I was to go at first but Dr Pavy would not let me go.