Hunting Rifles and Cartridges
By: Jack L. McSherry, III


A  Kodiak Bear

Click Here to read what others have said about firearms used in the Arctic ||| also see: The Survival Firearm


Rifles and Cartridges for Arctic and Sub-Arctic Game Animals:

Notes: Rifle and Cartridge selection must be based on the range to be targeted. Cartridge power is the result of the combination of bullet weight and velocity. Lighter bullets must have a higher velocity to be effective. Heavy bullets will quickly reduce velocity due to air resistance. Lighter weight bullets tend to fly on a straighter trajectory.  (Common Ranges 150+/- Yards)

Take the time to talk to local outfitters and guides before making a selection. If you must make the decision on your own, choose a middle to heavy load. do not risk a too light cartridge.

Black Bear and Deer:
243 Winchester (100 grs.)
6mm Remington (100 grs.)
25-06 Remington (120 grs.)
250 Savage 100 grs.)
257 Roberts+p (117 grs.)
264 Winchester Mag. (140 grs.)
270 Winchester (130 grs.)
280 Remington (140 grs.)
284 Winchester (150 grs.)
7mm Remington Magnum (140grs.)
30-30 Winchester (150 & 170 grs.)  Historically used for larger game, but not practical.
30 Government, 30-40 Krag (150 & 180 grs.)
30-06 Springfield (150 grs.)
300 Winchester Magnum (150 grs.)
300 H&H Magnum (180 grs.)
300 Savage (150 grs.)
307 Winchester (180 grs.)
308 Winchester (150 grs.)
338 Winchester 200 & 225 grs.)
35 Remington (200 grs.)
356 Winchester (200 grs.)
358 Winchester (200 grs.)
375 Winchester (200 grs.)
38-40 Winchester (180 grs.) Historically used for larger game, but not practical.
38-55 Winchester (225 grs.) Historically used for larger game. but not practical.
44 Remington Magnum (240 grs)
45-70 Government (300 grs.)

Moose, Caribou, Elk, Dall Sheep, and Mountain Goat:
270 Winchester (140 grs.)
284 Winchester (150grs.)
7mm Remington Magnum (140 & 150 grs.)
30-06 Springfield (150 &165 grs.)
300 winchester Magnum (165, 180 & 220 grs)
300 H&H Magnum (180 grs.)
300 Savage (150 grs.)
307 Winchester (180 grs)
308 Winchester (150 & 180 grs.)
338 Winchester (200 & 230 grs)
356 Winchester (200 grs.)
358 Winchester (200 grs.)
375 Winchester (200 grs.)
45-70 Government (300 grs.)
405 Winchester (300 grs.)

Grizzly Bear, Kodiak Bear, Alaskan Brown Bear, and Polar Bear:
270 Winchester (150 grs.)
284 Winchester (150 grs.)
7mm Remington Magnum (160 & 175 grs)
30-06 Springfield ( 160, 180, & 220 grs.)
300 Winchester Magnum ( 165, 180 & 220 grs.)
300 H&H Magnum (180 grs.)
307 Winchester (180 grs.)
308 Winchester (180 grs.)
338 Winchester (200 & 230 grs.)
356 Winchester (200 grs.)
358 Winchester (200 grs.)
375 H&H Magnum (270 grs.)
375 Winchester (200 grs.)
405 Winchester (300 grs.)


Have you checked The Website Store?

sources:
“Center Fire Ballistics”,  Winchester Website www.winchester.com
“Average Ballistics of Popular Peters Cartridges” 1932 Catalog cut sheet of  M & H Sporting Goods Co. Market  St. Phila. PA
Image source: Burr, Agnes Rush. Alaska, Our Beautiful Northland Of Opportunity. Boston: The Page Company, 1919,

Back to the Modern Provisions Page ||| Back to Arctic Travel Page
||| Back to McSherry Page ||| Back to Main Page