Month: May 2022

Characteristics of the Continent of Europe: Geographical Characteristics, Population, to Industry

Characteristics of the Continent of Europe

The continent is a vast plain. In the world, there are 7 continents with different characteristics. Likewise with the Continent of Europe which is often referred to as the Blue Continent. This is because most of the population is of white race and has blue eyes. That is one of the characteristics of the Continent of Europe. There are still many other interesting characteristics.

Europe is a big continent. In it there are many countries that are adjacent and land borders so that these countries form the European Union. The explanation of the characteristics possessed by the European continent is very diverse.

1. Location of the Continent of Europe

Based on its astronomical location, the European continent is located at latitudes 36 LU-71 LU and 90 BB-66 BT. This position shows that the European continent is located above the equator, causing the climate in the region to be quite different from that in Indonesia.

The climate in continental Europe is classified into marine, continental, transitional, Mediterranean, and polar climates. The marine climate is felt by countries in Northwestern Europe, bordering the Atlantic Ocean such as England. The area that is included in the continental climate is Eastern Europe, while the region that is included in the transitional climate in Central Europe.

The Mediterranean is the climate experienced by Southern Europe that borders the Mediterranean Sea, such as Greece. Northern Europe is a region that experiences a polar climate because it is directly adjacent to the North Pole.

2. Geographical Conditions of the Continent of Europe

Based on its geography, the European continent is divided into 5 regions. Northern Europe is divided into 6 countries, Western Europe is divided into 9 countries, Southern Europe is divided into 10 countries, Eastern Europe is divided into 9 countries, and Central Europe is divided into 5 countries. The countries of the European continent are surrounded by various regions. The following is the boundary line of the European continent.

  • North: Arctic Sea, Barents Sea, and the Norwegian Sea
  • West: Atlantic Ocean
  • South: Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea
  • East: Caspian Sea, Black Sea, Ural Mountains, and Turkey

3. The Diversity of the European Continent

Another characteristic of the European continent is the diversity of the population that inhabits it. Most of the population today is Caucasian people. But in fact, the original inhabitants of the European continent were the Nordic, Alpine, Mediterranean, Slavic, and Dinara tribes. Each tribe has a characteristic that is visible in the color of its hair and eyes.

  • Nordic: In Northern Europe (Scandinavian Peninsula, Germany, Netherlands), Blue eyes and blond hair.
  • Alpina: In Central Europe (Belgium, Switzerland, France), Brown eyes and blond hair.
  • Mediterranean: Italy, Spain, Greece; Slightly brown eyes and wavy black hair.
  • Slavs: Yugoslavia, Slovakia, Russia, Bulgaria; Blue-gray eyes and whitish blonde hair.
  • Dinara: Romanian, Dark hair.

4. Industrial Development in Europe

The uniqueness of the European continent can also be seen from its industrial development. The countries of the European continent build industries ranging from light to heavy industries. The fishing industry sector is widely spread in Western European countries bordering the bay and the sea.

The growing industry on the European continent is agriculture, ranging from vegetables, and fruits, to wheat. In addition, other industries on the European continent include textiles, food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, electronics, transportation, and so on. The results from the industry are used by local residents. Some are exported to other countries outside the European continent.

There are still many characteristics of the European continent that must be known. The European continent is a continent that has succeeded in giving birth to many inventors who have contributed to the development of today’s technology. Not only that, several countries on the European continent are the birth countries of ideologies that influence the world.