Category: Sains

7 Coldest Countries in the World and Always Surrounded by Snow

Some countries have hot average temperatures, and some countries have cold average temperatures. Countries with cold temperatures are generally located close to the Earth’s poles. So, which country is the coldest in the world?

1. Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of the Americas. This country is the coldest country in the world. This is greatly influenced by its location close to the north pole of the earth. To the north, Canada is bordered by Alaska. While in the south, Canada is bordered by the United States.

Canada’s total area makes this country the second-largest country in the world after Russia. Because it is close to the north pole, the northern part of Canada is covered by ice.

2. Mongolia

Mongolia is a country located on the Asian continent. The northern part of the country is bordered by Russia, while the southern part is bordered by China. This country has a fairly warm climate in the south with the Gobi desert. It’s just that the northern part of Mongolia has a colder climate. In summer, the temperature in Mongolia is quite warm. While the winter is very cold and can reach -30 degrees Celsius. Annually, the average temperature in Mongolia is -0.7 degrees Celsius.

3. Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is a country located in Central Asia as well as being the coldest country on the Asian continent. This country has no coastline because it is surrounded by land and mountains. The southern part of Kyrgyzstan has a sub-tropical climate. While the northern part is colder. In fact, in winter, some desert areas have constant snowfall. The average temperature in Kyrgyzstan reaches 1.55 degrees Celsius per year.

4. Norway

Norway is a country located in the northern part of the European continent. The landscape is dominated by mountains so it is quite high compared to sea level. The northern part of Norway is also known as the Land of the Midnight Sun. In this area, the sun does not set in summer and does not rise in winter. The climate in Norway is generally a temperate climate. The average temperature in Norway per year is 1.50 oC.

6. Finland

Finland is a country located in northern Europe which is very famous for its best education system. Although it is also famous for its gambling world. This country is also one of the northernmost countries in the world.

Finland has warm summers and very cold winters. Finland’s average temperature per year is 1.70 oC and ranks it as the sixth coldest country in the world.

8. Tajikistan

Tajikistan is a country located in Central Asia and the second coldest country in Asia. The country is surrounded by Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and China. Administratively, this country does not have a coastline because all of its territories island. The average temperature per year in Tajikistan reaches 2 oC.

10. Estonia

Estonia is a country located in the northern part of the European continent. This country’s climate is influenced by the continental climate. The four seasons in Estonia have approximately the same duration. The average temperature in Estonia per year reaches 2.51 oC, placing this country in the tenth position as the coldest country in the world.

What Is Aurora?

We meet again, here to discuss interesting things that happened on our beloved earth. By the way, how is the weather in your area? Hot, cloudy, or rainy? Summer, rainy season, spring, autumn, winter, or is it durian season? As we know Indonesia is traversed by the equator, so it only consists of two seasons, namely the rainy season and the dry season. Have you ever experienced winter? What is the atmosphere like in the polar regions, which are mostly covered by ice? The polar region does have its own charm with a wide expanse of thick snow.

On this occasion, we will discuss one of the phenomena in the polar regions and surrounding areas. This phenomenon is known as the Aurora, which is a colorful sky phenomenon with a beautiful blend. The charm of the beauty of the sky that is presented is very pleasing to the eye and is able to hypnotize many people. The sparkling Aurora color sweep looks even more beautiful when combined with the dark night sky.

What is Aurora?

Aurora is a light that shines in the sky at night. The Aurora phenomenon will not be the same from one place to another because there are influencing factors, such as location, pollution levels, weather, and others. The resulting glow will be more clearly visible the closer you get to the poles. The resulting form is different even at the same time and place.

The process of the occurrence of the Aurora

Caused by the sun releasing the solar wind that is formed from sunspots or sunspots. Sunspots can be formed due to convection flows from the high center of the sun, causing the darker and cooler parts to appear. In the dark area, the temperature increases, and the pressure will continue to occur so that the sunspot forms flares or flames. These flames, then release charged particles known as the solar wind.

When a solar storm occurs, the energy and tiny charged particles interact with the Earth’s atmosphere. Then the particle moves closer to the magnetic center in the north and south pole regions. There is an interaction in the form of excitation-relaxation of the electrons to produce a beautiful colorful glow called the Aurora.

Types of Aurora

Aurora is divided into two, namely Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis. The Aurora Borealis has another name for the Northern Lights because it is located at the north pole. The resulting light displays many colors, there are red, green, blue, yellow, and even pink. The shapes also vary, ranging from beautiful faces, monsters, bows, and others. The Aurora Borealis will be visible in the Northern Hemisphere. There are several ideal places to see the Aurora Borealis or the Northern Lights, you know. These countries are Norway (Svalbard), Sweden (Jukkaswarvi), Finland (Kakkslauttanen), Northern Canada, and America (Alaska).

In the south polar region, there is also the Aurora Australis or the so-called Southern Lights. As with the Aurora Borealis, the appearance of the Aurora Australis is difficult to predict. We must be smart to look for opportunities and choose the best place to gaze at the beauty of this celestial phenomenon. The Aurora Australis can be seen in New Zealand, Australia (Tasmania), Antarctica, South Georgia Island, the Falkland Islands, and Argentina. You can look for opportunities in May-September because Aurora appears more often

Well, those are some interesting facts about Aurora whose beauty can spoil our eyes. For those of you who are interested in hunting, Aurora, make sure not to travel alone and prepare supplies because their appearance is uncertain.

These are The Various Types of Snow Animals That Live in The North Pole

The Arctic region is an interesting area to discuss. Apart from being rich in natural resources, the North Pole also has various types of cute and unique snow animals. These animals have the ability to survive in these extreme temperatures.

From seals to deer Caribou is one type of snow animal that lives in the Arctic region. Amazingly, there are still other cute and cute animals that are there. Curious what kinds of snow animals are? Check out the following explanation!

Polar Bear

The Polar Bear is the first animal in a series of snow animals to live in the Arctic. This polar bear has a layer of fat under the skin as well as the thick fur so that it can withstand the extreme temperatures in the Arctic.

These animals like to spend their time hanging out on the ice or swimming and hunting. The polar bear’s favorite food is sealed. Its thick, white fur also sometimes helps polar bears to track their prey.

In summer, it is usually difficult to find food. Therefore, polar bears will usually eat as much and fatten up before summer arrives. And they will survive with the fat deposits they have.


The next type of snow animal is the seal. This white seal has a body size of up to 1.8 meters and its body weight reaches 250 kilograms. These seals are easy targets for sea bears. While his favorite food is fish and shellfish. Just like bears, seals, seals also have a layer of fat under the skin and thick fur. This is to keep the body warm in very cold temperatures.

Seals can dive as deep as 180 meters and can hold their breath underwater for up to 15 minutes. This ability helps him in finding food. In addition to white seals, there are also ring seals that have a smaller body size, which weigh 81 kilograms and is 1.5 meters long.

Marmot Lemming

This lemming guinea pig has a hamster-like shape with thick fur. This type of snow animal is one that is able to survive to live in the North Pole. Lemmings that are at the poles usually have brown fur, while those that like to live on rocks are collared lemmings.

When summer comes, these lemmings will leave their nests and look for food. The type of food he looks for is leaves, grass and fairy fruit. This animal is capable of giving birth to 6 children in one pregnancy.


Weasel is a type of snow animal that likes to make nests. Wherever the mink lives, it will build its nest. This nest is used to raise young and store food. His favorite food is guinea pigs, and sometimes also attacks polar rabbits.

The male ermine has a body size of about 30 cm, while the female ermine has a smaller body size.

These animals are able to move quickly so it will be very easy to catch the guinea pigs hiding in the alleys. After successfully catching the prey, it will usually be taken back to the nest to be used as food reserves.

Caribou Deer

The Caribou deer is a member of the deer family. This deer has thick and soft fur that keeps its body warm in the cold polar regions. This deer likes to live in groups. His favorite food is various types of moss and other green plants.

When winter comes, this herd of deer will migrate into the forest to get protection from the snow and wind. Meanwhile, when spring comes, these deer will leave the forest and go to the tundra where they will give birth to their young.

Musk Ox

In addition to the caribou, deer, four-legged animals that live in the Arctic region are the Musk Ox or Musk Ox. This type of ox also has a thick fur coat with the fur flowing down. Even so, long it can reach the ground.

These feathers help him to defend himself in winter. Meanwhile, when summer comes, the fur will shed itself. The main enemy of this musk ox is the wolf. When wolves attack, this colony of oxen will form a circle to protect their young and will attack the wolves with their sharp horns.

Birds at the North Pole

Did you know that there are also bird species that can survive in the cold snow? These bird species include waterfowl, seabirds, and other bird species. They love to make nests on cliffs when the snow begins to melt.

Meanwhile, when winter arrives, these birds will migrate away from the North Pole. Usually occurs from May to early June.

But not all of them migrate. There are also those who stay at the North Pole all year round, such as the ptarmigan, crows, and snow owls.

Arctic Rabbit

The next type of snow animal that lives in the North Pole is the Arctic Rabbit. This rabbit likes to live in rocky areas and hills. This is deliberately chosen to hide from attacks by wolves, owls, foxes, or other predators.

The Arctic rabbit’s favorite food is tree trunks, grass, and other greenery. Usually, these rabbits like to form colonies. This is done to keep the temperature warm and can make it stronger from predators.


The last type of snow animal is the Walrus. This walrus is almost like a seal. The walrus has a thick layer of fat that helps it to survive the very cold weather. How to protect themselves from the cold sea, these animals love to lie on the ice together. This walrus likes a loud voice.

Walruses will find their food by diving in the sea. His favorite foods are fish and shellfish. His long mustache will help him to find his food quickly.

So that’s the various types of snow animals that live in the North Pole. Despite being in very cold and extreme weather, these animals are able to survive. Interesting right?

If you are interested in seeing it in person, you can try visiting it at the North Pole. However, make sure you have to be strong with the very cold temperatures there. Bring very thick clothes to be able to enjoy the beauty of the snow there with the cute snow animals. If you are lucky, you can also enjoy the beauty of the aurora at the North Pole.