Characteristics of the Continent of Europe: Geographical Characteristics, Population, to Industry

Characteristics of the Continent of Europe

The continent is a vast plain. In the world, there are 7 continents with different characteristics. Likewise with the Continent of Europe which is often referred to as the Blue Continent. This is because most of the population is of white race and has blue eyes. That is one of the characteristics of the Continent of Europe. There are still many other interesting characteristics.

Europe is a big continent. In it there are many countries that are adjacent and land borders so that these countries form the European Union. The explanation of the characteristics possessed by the European continent is very diverse.

1. Location of the Continent of Europe

Based on its astronomical location, the European continent is located at latitudes 36 LU-71 LU and 90 BB-66 BT. This position shows that the European continent is located above the equator, causing the climate in the region to be quite different from that in Indonesia.

The climate in continental Europe is classified into marine, continental, transitional, Mediterranean, and polar climates. The marine climate is felt by countries in Northwestern Europe, bordering the Atlantic Ocean such as England. The area that is included in the continental climate is Eastern Europe, while the region that is included in the transitional climate in Central Europe.

The Mediterranean is the climate experienced by Southern Europe that borders the Mediterranean Sea, such as Greece. Northern Europe is a region that experiences a polar climate because it is directly adjacent to the North Pole.

2. Geographical Conditions of the Continent of Europe

Based on its geography, the European continent is divided into 5 regions. Northern Europe is divided into 6 countries, Western Europe is divided into 9 countries, Southern Europe is divided into 10 countries, Eastern Europe is divided into 9 countries, and Central Europe is divided into 5 countries. The countries of the European continent are surrounded by various regions. The following is the boundary line of the European continent.

  • North: Arctic Sea, Barents Sea, and the Norwegian Sea
  • West: Atlantic Ocean
  • South: Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea
  • East: Caspian Sea, Black Sea, Ural Mountains, and Turkey

3. The Diversity of the European Continent

Another characteristic of the European continent is the diversity of the population that inhabits it. Most of the population today is Caucasian people. But in fact, the original inhabitants of the European continent were the Nordic, Alpine, Mediterranean, Slavic, and Dinara tribes. Each tribe has a characteristic that is visible in the color of its hair and eyes.

  • Nordic: In Northern Europe (Scandinavian Peninsula, Germany, Netherlands), Blue eyes and blond hair.
  • Alpina: In Central Europe (Belgium, Switzerland, France), Brown eyes and blond hair.
  • Mediterranean: Italy, Spain, Greece; Slightly brown eyes and wavy black hair.
  • Slavs: Yugoslavia, Slovakia, Russia, Bulgaria; Blue-gray eyes and whitish blonde hair.
  • Dinara: Romanian, Dark hair.

4. Industrial Development in Europe

The uniqueness of the European continent can also be seen from its industrial development. The countries of the European continent build industries ranging from light to heavy industries. The fishing industry sector is widely spread in Western European countries bordering the bay and the sea.

The growing industry on the European continent is agriculture, ranging from vegetables, and fruits, to wheat. In addition, other industries on the European continent include textiles, food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, electronics, transportation, and so on. The results from the industry are used by local residents. Some are exported to other countries outside the European continent.

There are still many characteristics of the European continent that must be known. The European continent is a continent that has succeeded in giving birth to many inventors who have contributed to the development of today’s technology. Not only that, several countries on the European continent are the birth countries of ideologies that influence the world.

6 Characteristics of the Continent of Antarctica That Distinguish It From Other Continents

The land area on earth is divided into 6 types of continents. There are America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia and Antarctica. Antarctica is often called the South Pole. This one continent has special characteristics that other continents do not have. The characteristics of the Antarctic continent will be described in detail below.

Eternal Snow Continent

The continent of Antarctica is referred to as the eternal snowy continent throughout the year. That’s because most of the continent’s places are on the south side of the equator (the imaginary line of the path from the sun through the earth). The continent does not receive enough sunlight every year.

The land surface temperature of the Antarctic continent is below 0°C. No wonder the water content on the mainland is always frozen. Freezing water is what creates eternal snow every year even during the day (see also: Characteristics of the African Continent).

The Uninhabited Continent

Because it is located far from the equator (the equator), it can make the weather, climate, and temperature there only have one season. The season experienced is only the latest issue of snow that arrives almost all year round. The cold season is not suitable for a number of living ecosystems.

A continent that no country belongs to

Although there are many countries that explore and research a number of areas on the Antarctic continent, none of them admit that the continent is included in their country’s territory. But there are also some countries that have areas on the continent as their research territories. These countries include France, Germany, England, and America. This one continent also has its own international telephone signal, which is +672.

Continents that are located in the South of the Earth

Another characteristic of the continent of Antarctica is its location. Based on its geographical location, namely on the surface of the map and satellite images, Antarctica is in the south of the earth. When viewed from the position of the latitude and longitude of the bland continent, it is also below the equator or the equator.

Antarctica Only Has Tundra Vegetation

There are some scientists who say that the Antarctic continent is a desert. This is because the rainfall is only 200 mm per year. In addition, the continent also has a barren land contour with hurricanes blowing. With these topographical conditions, the only vegetation that can grow is the tundra. Tundra itself is a type of moss plant that can survive in areas where the temperature is below 0°C.

His nickname is Southern Magnetic Continent

Based on the direction system that applies throughout the world, this one continent is a continent that has magnetic poles pointing to the south. It is part of the north magnetic pole. From there the nickname can exist.


Thus 6 characteristics of the continent of Antarctica. Each continent must have its own characteristics that distinguish it from the others.

5 – 10 Years More Antarctica’s Largest Glacier Will Melt

Scientists predict Thwaites, Antarctica’s largest glacier with an area the size of Florida and England, will melt rapidly due to climate change.

The International Thwaites Glacier Collaboration (ITGC) says the cause is warming seawater beneath the Thwaites front. This warm water mixes with the ice, which over time will weaken the ice so that the glacier ice melts and makes the main glacier zone float in the sea.

That’s why a group of researchers from England and the United States were involved in the study. In fact, this will not have a large effect on global sea levels and will have only a small effect on the affected area.

But if all melted, sea levels would rise by 65 cm because of the large amount of ice upstream of the glacier’s drainage basin. This will also affect the fate of glaciers in the future.

Prof Ted Scambos, United States Lead Coordinator of Glaciologists for the ITGC, predicts in less than a decade there will be dramatic changes on the glacier front. He added, research and other studies related to Thwaites have also shown a similar event in that direction.

He said this would certainly speed up the process of melting Thwaites and would eventually pose a danger to the glaciers. The current speed of Thwaites itself has doubled over the last 30 years.

At present, the 40 km wide eastern edge of the ice shelf is held up by underwater mountains, so the speed is only 600 m per year, much slower than the western ice shelf which is twice as wide.

But in the future, it is estimated that this speed will increase to 2 km per year, the same speed as the current speed of the western iceberg.

But the ITGC team said the eastern chunk is likely to break loose in the next few years. In the end it will lead to unstable conditions. And even if the eastern chunk survives, cracks will definitely continue to occur in the ice pack. So it could be later will split the area.

Dr. Erin Pettit from Oregon State University, United States described the condition of the broken glass like a car window. If the car has several cracks in certain areas that are increasingly spreading. When the car crosses the speed bump, the windows will shatter in all directions.

Every summer, scientists routinely investigate changes in glaciers in a variety of ways and terrains. Like from the ship in front of Thwaites, from the ice, to the satellite.

Scientists are preparing a project by creating a small yellow submarine without a crew. They named him “Boaty McBoatface”.

The submarine is to dive into the ocean beneath the floating ice of the Thwaites glacier. They will collect data on water temperature, turbulence, current direction, and all the factors that have an influence on glacier melting.

The dive process is carried out in a period of one to four days and he has technology that can navigate himself.

7 Coldest Countries in the World and Always Surrounded by Snow

Some countries have hot average temperatures, and some countries have cold average temperatures. Countries with cold temperatures are generally located close to the Earth’s poles. So, which country is the coldest in the world?

1. Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of the Americas. This country is the coldest country in the world. This is greatly influenced by its location close to the north pole of the earth. To the north, Canada is bordered by Alaska. While in the south, Canada is bordered by the United States.

Canada’s total area makes this country the second-largest country in the world after Russia. Because it is close to the north pole, the northern part of Canada is covered by ice.

2. Mongolia

Mongolia is a country located on the Asian continent. The northern part of the country is bordered by Russia, while the southern part is bordered by China. This country has a fairly warm climate in the south with the Gobi desert. It’s just that the northern part of Mongolia has a colder climate. In summer, the temperature in Mongolia is quite warm. While the winter is very cold and can reach -30 degrees Celsius. Annually, the average temperature in Mongolia is -0.7 degrees Celsius.

3. Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is a country located in Central Asia as well as being the coldest country on the Asian continent. This country has no coastline because it is surrounded by land and mountains. The southern part of Kyrgyzstan has a sub-tropical climate. While the northern part is colder. In fact, in winter, some desert areas have constant snowfall. The average temperature in Kyrgyzstan reaches 1.55 degrees Celsius per year.

4. Norway

Norway is a country located in the northern part of the European continent. The landscape is dominated by mountains so it is quite high compared to sea level. The northern part of Norway is also known as the Land of the Midnight Sun. In this area, the sun does not set in summer and does not rise in winter. The climate in Norway is generally a temperate climate. The average temperature in Norway per year is 1.50 oC.

6. Finland

Finland is a country located in northern Europe which is very famous for its best education system. Although it is also famous for its gambling world. This country is also one of the northernmost countries in the world.

Finland has warm summers and very cold winters. Finland’s average temperature per year is 1.70 oC and ranks it as the sixth coldest country in the world.

8. Tajikistan

Tajikistan is a country located in Central Asia and the second coldest country in Asia. The country is surrounded by Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and China. Administratively, this country does not have a coastline because all of its territories island. The average temperature per year in Tajikistan reaches 2 oC.

10. Estonia

Estonia is a country located in the northern part of the European continent. This country’s climate is influenced by the continental climate. The four seasons in Estonia have approximately the same duration. The average temperature in Estonia per year reaches 2.51 oC, placing this country in the tenth position as the coldest country in the world.

What Is Aurora?

We meet again, here to discuss interesting things that happened on our beloved earth. By the way, how is the weather in your area? Hot, cloudy, or rainy? Summer, rainy season, spring, autumn, winter, or is it durian season? As we know Indonesia is traversed by the equator, so it only consists of two seasons, namely the rainy season and the dry season. Have you ever experienced winter? What is the atmosphere like in the polar regions, which are mostly covered by ice? The polar region does have its own charm with a wide expanse of thick snow.

On this occasion, we will discuss one of the phenomena in the polar regions and surrounding areas. This phenomenon is known as the Aurora, which is a colorful sky phenomenon with a beautiful blend. The charm of the beauty of the sky that is presented is very pleasing to the eye and is able to hypnotize many people. The sparkling Aurora color sweep looks even more beautiful when combined with the dark night sky.

What is Aurora?

Aurora is a light that shines in the sky at night. The Aurora phenomenon will not be the same from one place to another because there are influencing factors, such as location, pollution levels, weather, and others. The resulting glow will be more clearly visible the closer you get to the poles. The resulting form is different even at the same time and place.

The process of the occurrence of the Aurora

Caused by the sun releasing the solar wind that is formed from sunspots or sunspots. Sunspots can be formed due to convection flows from the high center of the sun, causing the darker and cooler parts to appear. In the dark area, the temperature increases, and the pressure will continue to occur so that the sunspot forms flares or flames. These flames, then release charged particles known as the solar wind.

When a solar storm occurs, the energy and tiny charged particles interact with the Earth’s atmosphere. Then the particle moves closer to the magnetic center in the north and south pole regions. There is an interaction in the form of excitation-relaxation of the electrons to produce a beautiful colorful glow called the Aurora.

Types of Aurora

Aurora is divided into two, namely Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis. The Aurora Borealis has another name for the Northern Lights because it is located at the north pole. The resulting light displays many colors, there are red, green, blue, yellow, and even pink. The shapes also vary, ranging from beautiful faces, monsters, bows, and others. The Aurora Borealis will be visible in the Northern Hemisphere. There are several ideal places to see the Aurora Borealis or the Northern Lights, you know. These countries are Norway (Svalbard), Sweden (Jukkaswarvi), Finland (Kakkslauttanen), Northern Canada, and America (Alaska).

In the south polar region, there is also the Aurora Australis or the so-called Southern Lights. As with the Aurora Borealis, the appearance of the Aurora Australis is difficult to predict. We must be smart to look for opportunities and choose the best place to gaze at the beauty of this celestial phenomenon. The Aurora Australis can be seen in New Zealand, Australia (Tasmania), Antarctica, South Georgia Island, the Falkland Islands, and Argentina. You can look for opportunities in May-September because Aurora appears more often

Well, those are some interesting facts about Aurora whose beauty can spoil our eyes. For those of you who are interested in hunting, Aurora, make sure not to travel alone and prepare supplies because their appearance is uncertain.

These are The Various Types of Snow Animals That Live in The North Pole

The Arctic region is an interesting area to discuss. Apart from being rich in natural resources, the North Pole also has various types of cute and unique snow animals. These animals have the ability to survive in these extreme temperatures.

From seals to deer Caribou is one type of snow animal that lives in the Arctic region. Amazingly, there are still other cute and cute animals that are there. Curious what kinds of snow animals are? Check out the following explanation!

Polar Bear

The Polar Bear is the first animal in a series of snow animals to live in the Arctic. This polar bear has a layer of fat under the skin as well as the thick fur so that it can withstand the extreme temperatures in the Arctic.

These animals like to spend their time hanging out on the ice or swimming and hunting. The polar bear’s favorite food is sealed. Its thick, white fur also sometimes helps polar bears to track their prey.

In summer, it is usually difficult to find food. Therefore, polar bears will usually eat as much and fatten up before summer arrives. And they will survive with the fat deposits they have.


The next type of snow animal is the seal. This white seal has a body size of up to 1.8 meters and its body weight reaches 250 kilograms. These seals are easy targets for sea bears. While his favorite food is fish and shellfish. Just like bears, seals, seals also have a layer of fat under the skin and thick fur. This is to keep the body warm in very cold temperatures.

Seals can dive as deep as 180 meters and can hold their breath underwater for up to 15 minutes. This ability helps him in finding food. In addition to white seals, there are also ring seals that have a smaller body size, which weigh 81 kilograms and is 1.5 meters long.

Marmot Lemming

This lemming guinea pig has a hamster-like shape with thick fur. This type of snow animal is one that is able to survive to live in the North Pole. Lemmings that are at the poles usually have brown fur, while those that like to live on rocks are collared lemmings.

When summer comes, these lemmings will leave their nests and look for food. The type of food he looks for is leaves, grass and fairy fruit. This animal is capable of giving birth to 6 children in one pregnancy.


Weasel is a type of snow animal that likes to make nests. Wherever the mink lives, it will build its nest. This nest is used to raise young and store food. His favorite food is guinea pigs, and sometimes also attacks polar rabbits.

The male ermine has a body size of about 30 cm, while the female ermine has a smaller body size.

These animals are able to move quickly so it will be very easy to catch the guinea pigs hiding in the alleys. After successfully catching the prey, it will usually be taken back to the nest to be used as food reserves.

Caribou Deer

The Caribou deer is a member of the deer family. This deer has thick and soft fur that keeps its body warm in the cold polar regions. This deer likes to live in groups. His favorite food is various types of moss and other green plants.

When winter comes, this herd of deer will migrate into the forest to get protection from the snow and wind. Meanwhile, when spring comes, these deer will leave the forest and go to the tundra where they will give birth to their young.

Musk Ox

In addition to the caribou, deer, four-legged animals that live in the Arctic region are the Musk Ox or Musk Ox. This type of ox also has a thick fur coat with the fur flowing down. Even so, long it can reach the ground.

These feathers help him to defend himself in winter. Meanwhile, when summer comes, the fur will shed itself. The main enemy of this musk ox is the wolf. When wolves attack, this colony of oxen will form a circle to protect their young and will attack the wolves with their sharp horns.

Birds at the North Pole

Did you know that there are also bird species that can survive in the cold snow? These bird species include waterfowl, seabirds, and other bird species. They love to make nests on cliffs when the snow begins to melt.

Meanwhile, when winter arrives, these birds will migrate away from the North Pole. Usually occurs from May to early June.

But not all of them migrate. There are also those who stay at the North Pole all year round, such as the ptarmigan, crows, and snow owls.

Arctic Rabbit

The next type of snow animal that lives in the North Pole is the Arctic Rabbit. This rabbit likes to live in rocky areas and hills. This is deliberately chosen to hide from attacks by wolves, owls, foxes, or other predators.

The Arctic rabbit’s favorite food is tree trunks, grass, and other greenery. Usually, these rabbits like to form colonies. This is done to keep the temperature warm and can make it stronger from predators.


The last type of snow animal is the Walrus. This walrus is almost like a seal. The walrus has a thick layer of fat that helps it to survive the very cold weather. How to protect themselves from the cold sea, these animals love to lie on the ice together. This walrus likes a loud voice.

Walruses will find their food by diving in the sea. His favorite foods are fish and shellfish. His long mustache will help him to find his food quickly.

So that’s the various types of snow animals that live in the North Pole. Despite being in very cold and extreme weather, these animals are able to survive. Interesting right?

If you are interested in seeing it in person, you can try visiting it at the North Pole. However, make sure you have to be strong with the very cold temperatures there. Bring very thick clothes to be able to enjoy the beauty of the snow there with the cute snow animals. If you are lucky, you can also enjoy the beauty of the aurora at the North Pole.

5 Interesting Facts about the Inuit, Arctic Indigenous People Who Like To Eat Bears

Have you ever heard of the Inuit tribe? The tribe is a native of the North Pole. Usually, people also know him as the Eskimo tribe. Maybe for some people believe if the North Pole is an uninhabited place.

But it turns out that this assumption is wrong, because the North Pole is inhabited by about 4 million people the majority are villagers, and the rest is indigenous peoples such as the Inuit. So, what is the life of the Inuit in the Arctic-like? Check out the facts below.

1. Don’t like being called Eskimos

If you hear the name of the Inuit tribe, it may sound more foreign. However, never call them Eskimos. Because they will consider it an insult and racist.

The Inuit are a tribe that lives in the Arctic circle. Some of them also live in Greenland and Northern Canada. The name ‘Eskimo’ itself is said to have been given by the French or Danes which means ‘meat eater’. While Inuit itself means ‘people’.

2. The residence named Igloo

An igloo is a building made of chunks of ice and snow. That is the home of the Inuit. Maybe ordinary people, they will feel cold when they enter the Igloo. But the Inuit people are used to the house. Generally, a family has more than one igloo.

3. Have a unique way of greeting

This tribe will greet each other by sticking their noses together. At first glance, it will look like you are rubbing your nose.

But actually, they were sniffing hair and cheeks to remember the scent of the person in front of them. According to Inuit culture, this way of greeting is called Kunik. However, this way of greeting is only done with people who are really close.

4. Have weapons

Living in an area with harsh challenges made the Inuit great hunters. Even when they get game, they will not only take the meat.

But bones, fangs, to other hard body parts to be used as weapons. The women of the tribe like to carry an Ulu, which is a knife that can be used to cut frozen meat. Meanwhile, the men will bring Kakivak.

5. Can eat anything, including polar bears

It’s no secret that the North Pole is the coldest place in the world. So living in a place with temperatures up to -49 degrees Celsius is not an easy thing. Because in addition to having to be friendly with the cold, the process of finding food is also not easy.

Even the Inuit people cannot raise livestock or garden because of the extreme temperatures. As a result, they eat any animal they find, including polar bears if they are found.

Generally, large animals will be processed by smoking and then drying, and cooking with oil. In fact, they do not hesitate to eat fish in raw conditions after being caught.

Ah, those are some interesting Inuit facts. Remember, if one day you meet them, don’t call them Eskimo.